Have Faith Ministries

THEOLOGY PROPER

I. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
A. Views From Nature
We teach that there are four arguments from nature for existence of God. The first is the Cosmological view which sees the universe as an effect which means there must be One to cause effect and that is God (Ps.19:1). The second view is the Teleological view which sees the universe as having a designer and maker (Rom. 1:18-20). The third view is the Anthropological view. This view sees man as a moral and intellectual being, therefore man of necessity has a maker who Himself is ethical and intelligent (Acts 17:29). Man has a moral nature a desire to be religious, he has conscience and emotions and these are proofs for reality of God. The fourth view is the Ontological view which sees that man has the concept of a Supreme Being and therefore there must be a Supreme being.

B. Biblical Arguments for Existence. We teach that the writers of Scripture understood and asserted that the existence of God was in fact a reality.

II. THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD
A. Definition. "An attribute is a property intrinsic to its subject and by which the subject is distinguished or identified."

B. Description.

The attributes of God include the following essential and inherent qualities: God has simplicity in that He is uncompounded, in complex, indivisible (John 4:24). This simplicity does not cause difficulty in my view of the Trinity because simplicity deals with the essence of God and the Trinity deals with His subsistence. God has unity in that God is one (Deut.6:4. 3). God is Infinite because He is without termination and finitude (Acts 17:28; I Kings 8:27). God is eternal in that He is free from succession of time (Gen. 21:33; Ps. 90:2). We teach that time is real to God because He distinguishes the chronology of events. All past, present, and future events are equivalent in the mind / understanding of God. God is immutable in that He is unchanging and unchangeable (James 1:17). We teach that God does not alter His mind or change His plans (Gen. 6:6). If God could change His mind this would mean there was something He did not know and to learn would be to change. God is omnipresent in that God is everywhere (Ps. 139:7-12). God is not in everything as the Pantheist believes. God is sovereign because He is the absolute/supreme ruler (Eph. 1). God is omniscient in that God knows all things whether actual or possible (Matt. 11:21. 9). God is Just in that He has complete moral equity (Acts 17:31). He is no respecter of persons. God is love in that God seeks "the highest good and glory of His perfections (Eph. 2:4-5)." God is truth in that He is in agreement with and consistent with all that He depicts of Himself (Jn. 14:6). God is free in that He is "independent from His creatures (Isa. 40:13-14)." God is omnipotent in that He has unlimited power (Rev. 19:6). God is Holy in that He is separated from everything that is evil or unclean and in that He is pure (I Jn 1:5).

III. THE NAMES OF GOD

A. Primary O.T. Names.

He is called Jehovah which means He is the self-existent One (Ex. 3:14, "I am that I am"). The name Jehovah shows the "relationship between the true God and His people and... emphasizes God's holiness, hatred of sin, and love of sinners." He is called Elohim which means "strong one." He is called Adonai which means Lord and emphasizes the master and servant relationship.

B. A Short List of Compound O.T. Names.

God is called El Elyon which is translated the Most High or the strongest one (Isa. 14:13-14). He is called El Roi which means the "Strong One who sees" (Gen. 16:13). He is called El Shaddai which means "Almighty God" (Gen. 17:1-20). He is called El Olam which means "Everlasting God" (Isa. 40:28).  

IV. THE DECREE OF GOD

A. Definition.

"The decree of God is His eternal purpose, according to the counsel of His own will, whereby, for His own glory, He hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass."

B. Terms Involved.

We teach that God exercises the following: Omniscience, Foreknowledge (His prior knowledge of all things), Predestination (He is the "predeterminer of the destiny of the elect"), Retribution ("deserved punishment"), Election ("God's choosing a people for himself"), Preterition ("the passing by of the nonelect").

C. Nature of the decree.

"There is only one decree involving everything, though in the outworking of events there is successiveness." There is distinction between God's various covenants in that some decrees are directive and some are permissive. The glorification of God is the primary purpose of His decrees.

V. THE TRINITY

A. Definition.

"There is only one God, but in the unity of the Godhead there are three eternal and coequal persons, the same in substance but distinct in substance."

B. Proofs in the O.T.

We teach that that although the OT does not reveal the trinity the implications are clear from the plural word forms that are used to describe God. Elohim which is plural and pronouns that are plural can be found in direct reference to God (Gen 1:1,26; Isa 6:8). The angel of Jehovah clearly has deity and should be understood as the second person of the Trinity, the Son (Gen 22:11, 1-16) The NT clearly reveals the father, Son, and Spirit as God. Although the term Trinity is not found in Scripture the truth of a Triunity cannot be denied (Father Jn 6:27; Eph 4:6; Son Heb 1:8; Spirit Acts 5:3-4). All Persons of the Triunity are found to be equal to each other, yet as one (Matt 28:19; II Cor 13:14).

VI. THE FATHER

A. The relationships of the Father

God is the Father of creation (Acts 17:29). He is the Father of Israel (Ex 4:22). God is the Father of Jesus Christ (Matt 3:17). And finally, He is the Father of all who believe by faith in Jesus Christ (Gal 3:26).

B. The particular works of the Father.

God is the author of the following: decrees Ps 2:7-9; election Eph.1:3-6. He is the "Father and sender of Christ" (Jn 3:16. 4). He is also the chastener of His children (Heb 12:9).

Detailed Doctrinal Statement Page