Have Faith Ministries

BIBLIOLOGY

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Terminology

The term Bible is from biblion which means as roll or book (Luke 4:17) 2. The term Scripture found in the N.T. refers to the sacred books of the O. T. And those O.T. books were regarded as inspired of God (II Tim 3:16; Rom 3:2). Scripture was also used as a term in the N.T. to describe other parts of the N.T. (2 Peter 3:16). The terminology "The Word of God", is used in the O.T. and N.T. (Matt 15:6; John 10:35; Heb 4:12).

B. Orthodox view of the Bible.

We agree with the orthodox view of the Bible which views the Bible as the only authority in matters of faith and practice. We teach that the Bible is inspired of God and without error.

II. REVELATION

A. Definition.

"The disclosing to others of what was before unknown to men."

B. Means of Revelation


We teach that the Bible shows that God has revealed His truth to men in the following ways: Through His creation (Rom.1:18-21), through His providential dealings with men (Rom.8:28), through miracles (John 2:11), by communicating directly to men (Acts 22:17-21), through His Son (John 1:14). through His written Word(1 John 5:9-12).

III. INSPIRATION

A. Definition.

"Inspiration is God's superintending of human authors so that using their own individual personalities they composed and recorded without error His revelation to man in the words of the original manuscripts".

B. Distinctives of Verbal, Plenary Inspiration.

We teach that the verbal plenary inspiration of Scriptures extends to the original manuscripts. Verbal plenary inspiration extends to the actual words that men of God composed and recorded. We teach that verbal plenary inspiration was God superintending ( not dictating) men of God. This view sees the Scripture as being without error/inerrant.

C. Proof of Verbal, Plenary Inspiration.

1. INTERNAL EVIDENCE

We teach that the Bible contains claims of men of God that It is inspired (II Timothy 3:16). The Bible records that prophecy was not written down by the will of man, but rather as men were moved/"borne along" by the Holy Spirit (2. II Peter 1:21). The O.T. records specific commands to write down the word of the Lord (Exodus 17:14; Jer. 30:2). The quoting of the O.T. in the N.T. is also evidence of O.T. inspiration (Matt. 15:4; Acts 28:25; Matt.5:17; John 10:35). The N.T. claims that other portions of the N.T. are Scripture (I Tim 5:17; II Peter 3:16). 7. The apostles were aware that they were recording God's word (I Cor. 2:13; I Peter 1:11-12).

2. EXTERNAL EVIDENCE

The Bible has maintained unity over 1500 years even though there were 40 different authors. The Bible has been preserved even though many other ancient books have perished. The subject matter is not something men would write on their own if they could. Prideful man would not record his short comings as we find in the Bible. The Scriptures have had and still do have a definite influence on men, as we see in changed lives.

D. Proofs of Inerrancy.

We teach that the Scripture reveals the trustworthiness of God's character (John 17:3; Rom. 3:4). 2. The teaching of Christ shows that He viewed the OT as God true word (Matt.5:17; John 10:35). The Bible shows Jesus concern for the original form of a word (Gal. 3:16, "seed"; Matt. 22:31-32, "am").

IV. Canonicity


A. Fundamental Considerations.

The Bible proves it's own authenticity and church councils of the past have merely recognized the authority understood in the books themselves. We teach that God could have guided the councils so that the canon was distinguished.

B. The Canon of the O.T.

The Bible itself gives evidence to an OT canon that was collected and recognized by Ezra (500 B.C.). The N.T. regards the O.T. as scripture (Matt. 23:35.)

C. The Principles of the Canonicity of N.T. Books.

The NT books are acknowledged as inspired and part of Scripture by the Apostles. One apostle referred to another apostles writings as part of Scripture. The content of the book must agree with other books in the Canon. Also, certain books were universally accepted as inspired according to internal and external evidence.

D. The Formation of the N.T. Canon.

The apostles claimed authority for their own and other apostles writings (I Thess. 5:27; Col. 4:16). All the books were recognized except Hebrews, II Peter, II and III John. At the Council of Carthage (397 AD), they listed 27 canonical N.T. books.

V. ILLUMINATION

(See also, Ministry of the Spirit, Work of the Holy Spirit)

A. In Relation to the Unsaved.

 

We teach that an unbeliever must have the Holy Spirit's illuminating before he can understand any spiritual truth (1 Cor. 2:14; 2 Cor. 4:4; John 16:7-11, convicting ministry).

B. In Relation to the Christian.

We teach that the believer must have the illuminating power of the Holy Spirit in order to continue to grow in the knowledge of spiritual truth(1 Cor. 2:10-12; 3:2; John 16:13-15, teaching ministry).

VI. INTERPRETATION

A. Principles of Interpretation.

We teach that one needs to interpret within the grammatical and historical context. One must interpret agreement with the immediate and extended context of the Scripture. One must interpret Scripture using Scripture.

B. General Divisions of the Bible.

The O.T. is divided into three major divisions: Historical books- Genesis to Esther , Poetical books- Job to Song of Solomon, Prophetic books- Isaiah to Malachi. The N.T. is divided into four groups: the Gospels- Matthew to John, History-Acts. c. Epistles - Romans to Jude, Prophecy- Revelation.

C. Biblical Covenants.

We teach that there are six covenants found in Scripture: the Noahic covenant (Gen.8:20-22), the Abrahamic covenant (Gen.12:1-3), the Mosaic covenant (exodus 19:3-40:38), Palestinian covenant (Deut. 30), Davidic covenant (2 Sam 7:5-17), and the New covenant (Jer. 31:31-34; Matt. 26:28).

Detailed Doctrinal Statement Page